Monday, June 21, 2021
Politics and Governance With Lekan Shobowale

May The Evils Of Our Leaders Continue To Follow Them

In the last few days, so many incidents happened that almost took my breadth away especially to people close to me and those that are not too close to me but are of important to many people within my immediate environment.

With all these one thing that comes to my mind is the evil that some of the past and current leaders of this country, Nigeria perpetrated during their time in office and even though they are no longer here or relevant again but the problem or their evils planted by them still very much relevant till today.

Talk of insecurity on all our roads not minding the trunk, bad health care services, economic crises and anger, all these has contributed in no small measure to the problems facing this country created by the leaders which the nation may not get over on time.

Leadership has been defined by Wikipedia as the ability of a person to lead, instruct or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations. It is the process by which agent induces a subordinate to behave in a desired manner.

From the above definition, bad leadership can be defined as the act of leading in a wrong way. It can also be defined as the act of leading without having the essential qualities of a good leaders. Some of these qualities are: accountability, honesty, integrity, positivity, passion & commitment.

When you lead people who are very submissive and gullible, you will definitely want to cash in on their ignorance one day. The docile nature of Nigerians has made even the supposed good leaders of Nigeria, to turn bad. It is because Nigerians are gullible and always silent when leaders do what pleases them, that bad leadership has continued to grow in Nigeria.

There is no doubt that greed is the major and most evidential cause of bad leadership in Nigeria. It is basically on the side of our leaders.

When people are elected to lead Nigeria, most of them use that opportunity to loot all the money they can, instead of doing what they were elected into power for.

We say we practice democracy, yet the underlying logic of our politics does not
reflect such. Power and resources are still largely concentrated in the hands of
few cabals dominated by ethnic bigots, thus raising the stakes of elections.

In a country where the winner takes all and the loser is left with nothing, in a country where election is politicized and polluted with stolen treasury money, the big whales and sharks of the Old Brigade of Thieves would do anything to protect
their interests.

Nigeria leadership in the last few years have been nothing but management of
savagery. The country has been oscillating between chaos and crisis, violence and killings, insecurity and instability.

Buhari didn’t see anything wrong with the anarchy in the country. He didn’t take decisive action to stem the tide of violence and killings. Indeed, Buhari didn’t give a damn!

When Boko Haram and Buhari’s kinsmen herdsmen beheaded believers, children, farmers, women, wiping out communities, destroying farms and people’s livelihood, our leaders were more concerned for the life of cows than citizens.

Abductions, suicide bombings, and attacks on civilian targets by Boko Haram persisted. At least 1,200 people died and nearly 200,000 were displaced in the northeast in 2018. In June, at least84 people were killed in double suicide bomb attacks attributed to Boko Haram at a mosque in Mubi, Adamawa State.

Decades old communal conflict between nomadic herdsmen and
farmers in the Middle Belt intensified and further exacerbated the security situation in the country. At least 1,600 people were killed and another 300,000 displaced as a result of the violence.

Nigeria, which is the most populated country in Africa, has consistently been
ranked high in corruption by Transparency International and other notable
organizations that monitor corrupt practices around the world. High corruption
rankings affect almost all Nigerians who migrate to foreign countries, as
foreigners have the perception that since Nigeria is corrupt, so too are all
Nigerians.

No doubt, from time to time Nigeria continues to move higher the ladder of corruption purposely because of the attitudes of its leaders especially since the current democratic dispensation.

In the year 2000, Transparency International conducted a survey on the corruption
levels of 90 countries, including Kenya, Cameroon, Angola, Nigeria, Côte-d’Ivoire,
Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Ghana, Senegal, Zambia, India, Venezuela, Moldova, and
others. Nigeria was ranked as the most corrupt because the country occupied the
90th position in terms of transparency.

In 2001, Nigeria was ranked the second-most corrupt nation in the world out of 91
countries, second only to Bangladesh. This shows that corruption in Nigeria
improved by one step when compared to its ranking in 2000.

Still from the same source, in the year 2002, Nigeria was again ranked the
second-most corrupt country in the world, after the organization surveyed 102
countries. Nigeria was seen at the bottom, occupying the 101st position in terms
of Confidence Interval (CI).

In 2003, Nigeria received the same ranking, making no improvements from 2002.
2004’s ranking showed a little improvement when compared to the previous four
years. Nigeria was ranked the third most corrupt country in the world in that year,
performing better than Bangladesh and Haiti. That year, 146 nations were
surveyed.

The record on the corruption in Nigeria really improved in 2005. The number of
countries surveyed by the Transparency International was 158. Nigeria was
ranked eighth most corrupt.

More countries were surveyed by Transparency International in 2006. 163
countries were surveyed that year. The results showed some improvement, and
Nigeria was ranked the 21st most corrupt country in the world. Haiti was the
world’s most corrupt nation that year.

Among the 180 countries surveyed in 2007, Nigeria ranked 147 on the table
alongside Angola and Guinea-Bissau. This result shows that Nigeria was 33rd
most corrupt country in the world.

An analysis of the anti-graft/anti-corruption laws in Nigeria shows that corruption
will continue in spite of the law because the perpetrators do not fear any
consequences.

In 2012, Transparency International again deemed Nigeria one of the most corrupt
nations in the world.

That year, the country ranked 139th out of the 176 surveyed countries, making Nigeria the 37th most corrupt nation.

In 2013, Nigeria ranked 144 out of 177 surveyed countries in terms of transparency. The score made Nigeria 33rd most corrupt country in the world that
year. The result published by the organization also showed that Nigeria scored
25% out of 100 in terms of transparency.

In the 2014 ranking, Nigeria was ranked 136 out of 174 surveyed countries
The result showed that there was improvement, though things were still bad. Nigeria was the 38th most corrupt country in the world in 2014 from the survey.

Corruption in Nigeria hurts a lot of people, as the money that would have been
used to reduce poverty in the country is being channeled into the pockets of a
select few.

What can we say about the $2.1 billion arms deal? The money that was budgeted
for the purchase of arms in the fight against Nigeria’s Boko Haram insurgency
group suddenly disappeared. Whether the fund developed legs and ran away is
what the Federal Government of Nigeria could not explain to its citizens.

(To be contd)

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